Transportation in Bihar
Bihar has two operational airports: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, Patna, and
the Gaya Airport, Gaya. The Patna airport is connected to Delhi, Mumbai,
Kolkata, Lucknow, Bangaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune and Ranchi.
The Patna airport is categorized as a restricted international airport, with
customs facilities to receive international chartered flights.
It is also known as the most dangerous airport in India with a runway span of
just around 6000 ft making landing of large planes like 747 and 777 impossible.
Only small jets like A320, 737 etc. can land with full brakes,flaps and reverse
The Gaya Airport is an international airport connected to Colombo, Singapore,
Bangkok, Paro and more.
Bihar is well-connected by railway lines to the rest of India. Most of the towns
are interconnected, and they also are directly connected to Kolkata, Delhi and
Mumbai. Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Katihar, Barauni and
Chhapra are Bihar's best-connected railway stations.
The state has a vast network of National and State highways. East-West corridor
goes through the cities of Bihar (Muzaffarpur-Darbhanga-Purnia NH57) 4-6 lanes.
For Buddhist pilgrims, the best option for travel to Bihar is to reach Patna or
Gaya, either by air or train, and then travel to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir and
Vaishali. Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh also is not very far.
The Ganges â€“ navigable throughout the year â€“ was the principal river highway
across the vast north Indo-Gangetic Plain. Vessels capable of accommodating five
hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period; it served
as a conduit for overseas trade, as goods were carried from Pataliputra (later
Patna) and Champa (later Bhagalpur) out to the seas and to ports in Sri Lanka
and Southeast Asia. The role of Ganges as a channel for trade was enhanced by
its natural links - it embraces all the major rivers and streams in both north
and south Bihar.
In recent times Inland Waterways Authority of India has declared the Ganges
between Allahabad and Haldia to be a national inland waterway and has taken
steps to restore its navigability.
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