A part of Bihar was called “Magadha” in ancient times. From Magadha arose two religions, Jainism and Buddhism. The greatest Indian empire, the Maurya empire, originated from Magadha, with its capital at Patliputra (modern Patna) in 325 BC. The Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka, who was born in Patliputra ( Patna ) is believed to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of India and the world. After seeing all the carnage that war causes, he was placed on the path of Lord Buddha by his Brahmin spiritual guide Manjushri. According to indologist A.L. Basham, the author of the book The Wonder that was India.